The Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On additional measures to further stimulate the cultivation of grain crops” of November 27, 2018 plays an important role in raising grain reforms to a new level.
Thanks to this decision, the purchase price, guaranteed for the first time in the history of Uzbekistan, increased by an average of 60% compared with previous years. This is aimed at increasing the interest of farmers and dehkans to wheat farmers and ensuring their economically stable operation.
Another important aspect of the decision is that it is planned to allocate a preferential loan in the amount of 100% from the state budget for grain production costs. Up to this point, wheat production accounted for 60% of the value of the product and led to the mutual borrowing of timely and full payments of material and technical resources, which led to poor quality or timely introduction of agrotechnical measures.
Another innovation is the mechanism of increasing or decreasing the purchase price depending on the yield. This system will encourage farmers to focus on the rational use of land and water and high yields by increasing the efficiency of consumed resources (fertilizers, fuel, lubricants, machinery, etc.). It is well known that so far there are no reports on the total amount of wheat grown in our country, given that the contract has been sold more than 2 times, and that “the vast majority of the contract remained with the farmer.”
The decree establishes the procedure for calculating the gross grain yield grown by agricultural enterprises, allowing accurate projections of the food supply to be the most important issue, obtaining accurate information on crops grown on the farm and in government.
It is wrong to understand that the above-mentioned legal document “is delivered by a farmer to the state as a grain harvest.” The farmer sells grain only for the amount specified in the contract of sale for state purchase. He uses the rest on his own. The higher the yield per hectare, the higher the sale price. In the framework of the Agricultural Development Program in 2016–2018, more than 41,000 hectares of low-yielding grain fields were cut down across the country. Today, irrigated fields are highly productive and are capable of harvesting from 55 to 60 centners per hectare, which gives 100-110 centners per hectare of high-yielding seeds due to timely and high-quality agrotechnical activity.
Of course, farmers who do not seek to improve soil fertility, without using effectively created conditions and opportunities, should be assessed not only on the land, but also in people, in their homeland. Farmers must not forget that they are responsible for the harvest of grain, the tables of people, the increase in their income and the wealth of food.